About Course #N1784
Release Date: March 29, 2018
Expiration Date: March 31, 2021
Approximately 2.8 million people sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year in the United States. For those who survive, treatment rarely ends upon exiting the emergency department. In fact, the complications and ramifications can be life-long.
This course discusses the identification, etiology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and diagnostic tools used for all levels of TBI evaluation. Nurses learn the structural and functional relationships of TBI to regions of the brain, prevention of secondary injury during initial phases of care, possible behavioral and cognitive changes associated with TBI, and the interventions needed to minimize sequelae for patients with TBI.
About the Author(s)
Esther Bay, PhD, ACNS, BSN, is a clinical associate professor with expertise in traumatic brain injury (TBI), holistic health practices, and mental health. Beginning as a trauma nurse and a critical care nurse, Dr. Bay has cared for patients with all levels of brain injury severity. Later, she realized that many people with TBI subsequently enter the mental health setting for treatment of psychiatric disorders without attention to their baseline TBI deficits. Seeking more knowledge about the psychiatric disorders that complicated the trajectory of recovery, Dr. Bay began a PhD program at the University of Michigan School of Nursing. Her dissertation focused on explanatory mechanisms of post-TBI depression and exploring cortisol responsivity. She completed a postdoctoral training program at the University of Michigan, in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Science, that focused on aging and TBI. Dr. Bay has completed four post-PhD studies focused on persons with TBI and depression, most recently an intervention study on mindfulness approaches versus healthy living after TBI. She has presented locally, nationally, and internationally on this topic and has written more than 30 publications focused on TBI and postinjury comorbidities.
- Courses must be completed on or before the expiration date noted in the course description above.
- You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
- Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that this course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools' policy not to accept commercial support.
- All persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.