About Course #N1822
Release Date: September 27, 2017
Expiration Date: September 30, 2020
Probiotic use quadrupled between the 2007 and the 2012 NHIS (Black et al., 2015). The 2012 NHIS found that approximately 4 million (1.6%) U.S. adults and 300,000 children ages 4 to 17 (0.5%) had used probiotics or prebiotics (Black et al., 2015; Clarke et al., 2015). Probiotics or prebiotics were the third most commonly used dietary supplement by adults, not including vitamins and minerals. Many uses have been proposed for probiotics. Nurses who are knowledgeable can assist consumers in evaluating the resources, information, and scientific literature on probiotics to make choices with regard to their use, dose, adverse effects, interactions, and product quality.
About the Authors
Peggy Piascik, PhD, RPh, received her bachelor of science degree in pharmacy from Ohio Northern University (ONU) and a doctorate in pharmacology from The Ohio State University (OSU) College of Pharmacy. She is a professor of pharmacy practice and science at the University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy (UKCOP). Dr. Piascik speaks at continuing education conferences on the topics of new drugs, dietary supplements, and personalized medicine. She teaches a problem-based elective course in the area of herbal and dietary supplements and co-coordinates an elective course in behavior modification coaching.
Martha Mathews Libster, PhD, MSN, APRN-CNS, APHN-BC, received her bachelor of science degree in education from New York University, her bachelor of science in nursing from Mount St. Mary's University in Los Angeles, her master of science in nursing from the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, and her doctorate in humanities - health care history from Oxford Brooks University in Oxford, England.
- Courses must be completed on or before the expiration date noted in the course description above.
- You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
- Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that this course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools' policy not to accept commercial support.
- Martha Libster was paid for editing this course book but has no conflicts of interest related to the publication of this course book.
- Gary Kracoff has disclosed that he is on the advisory committee for Boiron USA and is medical director at the Academy of Integrative Medicine. He has agreed to present content that is current, evidence-based, and without bias.
- All other persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.
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