Nursing: California Nurse Practitioner Schedule II Controlled Substances and Risk of Addiction

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About the Course

Prescription drug abuse is a growing problem in the United States. In 2015, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) examined the use of prescriptions for nonmedical purposes and estimated that, for ages 12 and older, 12.5 million people misused pain relievers, 6.1 million people misused tranquilizers, 5.3 million people misused stimulants, and 1.5 million people misused sedatives (Hughes et al., 2016). Opiate abuse has been declared a public health epidemic and prescription drug abuse rates continue to rise. Nurse practitioners who prescribe controlled substances have a great responsibility to ensure patients receive the care they need while preventing their prescriptions from becoming a source of abuse or diversion. This course provides an overview of the safe and effective prescribing of controlled substances and three of the most common disease states that warrant more frequent prescribing of controlled substances.

Learning Outcomes:
Upon completion of this course, the learner will be able to:
  • Distinguish between the concepts of substance misuse, substance use disorder, and diversion, including their recognition, risk factors, and prevention.
  • Examine federal regulations pertaining to controlled substances ordered by a nurse practitioner.
  • Interpret state laws regarding controlled substance prescribing, patient-specific protocols, and nurse practitioner education requirements.
  • Analyze the treatment of pain, ADHD, and anxiety, including evaluation, treatment, and controlled substances used to treat these conditions.
  • Illustrate the steps to take to ensure safe and effective prescribing of controlled substances, including professional documentation, patient-provider agreements, and informed consent.
  • Interpret ethical issues related to prescribing controlled substances. 

About the Author:
Katie Blair, PharmD, RPh

Katie Blair, PharmD, RPh, is a pharmacist and freelance writer specializing in pharmacy education. She works as a consultant pharmacist in Vancouver, Washington, serving long-term care facilities in the area. Dr. Blair also has over six years of experience working as a staff pharmacist at a community pharmacy in Seattle. She graduated from Northeastern University in Boston in 2009 with a doctor of pharmacy degree. She has done freelance work writing and revising continuing education programs for pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, and nurses, as well as writing practice questions for various pharmacy technician exams.

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  • California