About Course #L0761
Release Date: July 30, 2013
Review Date: June 14, 2019
Expiration Date: December 31, 2019
Dental caries is a chronic, infectious and transmissible disease of multi-factorial origin. It is the single most common chronic disease in children worldwide, including the United States. Dental sealants, nutritional counseling, antimicrobial agents, oral hygiene instruction, early diagnostic measures, and fluorides can be used to manage this disease within a framework of early risk assessment and diagnostic procedures. Fluoride holds a special place in this paradigm because of its documented effectiveness in controlling and reducing dental caries.
This basic-level course discusses the pre-eruptive and post-eruptive mechanisms of fluoride action as well as the sources of fluoride and recommended intake levels. The course examines the latest research on the efficacy, cost-effectiveness, and safety of community water fluoridation in the United States. The processes of demineralization and remineralization are explained along with the risks of fluoridation and the recommended use of fluoride in high-caries-risk patients.
AGD Subject Code: 017
- Describe the mechanisms of action of fluoride.
- Describe the efficacy, cost-effectiveness, and safety of community water fluoridation.
- Discuss sources of fluoride and recommended intake levels.
- Identify the risks of fluoridation.
- State the recommended use of fluoride in high-caries-risk patients.
Western Schools designates this activity for 2 continuing education credits.
About the Author(s)
Harold S. Goodman, DDS, MPH, received his bachelor of arts degree from Rutgers University and his dental degree from the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. He obtained a master's degree in public health from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health (now the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health) and completed a Dental Public Health residency program at the University of Michigan. In addition to maintaining a private practice, Dr. Goodman was an associate professor in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry at the University of Maryland School of Dentistry and director of the Office of Oral Health in the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene for the state of Maryland.
Louis G. DePaola, DDS, MS, is a professor and the assistant dean of clinical affairs in the Department of Oncology and Diagnostic Sciences at the University of Maryland School of Dentistry in Baltimore, Maryland. He received his DDS in 1975 and a master of science degree in oral biology in 1981, both from the University of Maryland. He is a diplomate of the American Board of Oral Medicine and the American College of Dentists, and holds a certificate in prosthodontics. He is the director for dental training for the Pennsylvania/MidAtlantic AIDS Education and Training Center and served as a member of the American Dental Association (ADA) Council on Scientific Affairs from 2002 to 2005.
- Courses must be completed on or before the expiration date noted in the course description above.
- You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
- Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that this course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools' policy not to accept commercial support.
- All persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.