Disciplines: Respiratory Therapy
Hours: 1 Contact Hour
Author(s): Amy B. Bernard, MS, BSN, RN-BC
Peer Reviewer(s): Terri Rebmann, PhDc, RN, CIC
Item#: V7146
Contents: 1 Course Book (52 pages)

West Nile Virus, Updated 5th Edition

Price $9.95
Item # V7146
When available, the Online Course format is included with the hard copy, eBook, or audio book formats!

Expiration Date: October 14, 2018

West Nile virus (WNV) has emerged as a public health threat in North America. While the virus was first isolated in the West Nile District of Uganda in 1937, outbreaks occurred in eastern Europe in the 1990s, with the first appearance in North America in 1999 (CDC, 2011). WNV has since spread rapidly across the continental United States, affecting thousands of humans, horses, and birds. This virus, spread primarily by blood-feeding mosquitoes, can cause severe illness in susceptible humans, animals, and wildlife. 2012 was one of the largest outbreaks of WNV ever seen.

The public looks to healthcare professionals for accurate information and guidance on health-related topics. This course is designed for healthcare professionals in all levels and areas of practice. The purpose of this course is to provide current information and insight about WNV as a foundation for preemptive actions and responses to care for those affected by WNV. In addition, the course will offer insight on ways to help minimize disease transmission to people and animals. This course focuses on the history and emergence of WNV, transmission, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention strategies.

Course Objectives


  • Describe the emergence of West Nile virus (WNV) as a contemporary infectious disease.
  • Recognize the clinical manifestations of and diagnostic approaches for West Nile virus.
  • Describe current approaches to the management, treatment, and prevention of West Nile virus.


Amy B. Bernard, MS, BSN, RN-BC, has extensive experience in nursing professional development and as a practicing nurse in numerous clinical settings across the country, and is a lead nurse planner for MedScape. She has authored several courses on timely topics to help healthcare professionals respond to emerging public health concerns, and has worked with infection control experts to develop several course books on topics related to infectious disease. Ms. Bernard is board certified in Nursing Professional Development through the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC). She also serves as accreditation appraiser for the American Nurses Credentialing Center, Silver Spring, MD. She is a member of several professional nursing organizations, including Sigma Theta Tau, International Nursing Honor Society; American Nurses Association; and the Association for Nursing Professional Development.

Terri Rebmann, PhDc, RN, CIC, is the Associate Director for the Institute for Biosecurity at Saint Louis University School of Public Health. She has been with the Institute since its inception in July of 2000. She is a Clinical Nurse Specialist with a Master’s Degree in Nursing with an emphasis in infectious diseases and is certified in infection control. She is currently a PhD candidate studying nursing bioterrorism preparedness. Her past work experience includes research and clinical practice with HIV/AIDS patients and hospital infection control. In her current position with the Institute for Biosecurity she is responsible for the development of bioterrorism training and quick reference materials for health care and public health professionals. In addition she is the Associate Director for Curricular Affairs for the Institute’s MS in Biosecurity program. She is the co-chair of the national APIC Emergency Preparedness Committee. In 2002 Terri joined a task force at Saint Louis University that went to Israel to study disaster preparedness from the Hadassah Medical System. Terri publishes and lectures on bioterrorism emerging infectious diseases and infection control practices on a national basis including participation in bioterrorism exercises and development of bioterrorism-related Web sites.
  • Courses must be completed on or before the expiration date noted in the course description above.
  • You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
  • Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that this course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools’ policy not to accept commercial support.
  • All persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.