|Price:|| $29.95|| |
Expiration Date: October 15, 2018
So far as is known, all primitive and civilized societies have suffered diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms. Frequently, the results have been disastrous. One of several microbial candidates believed to have great potential as a biological weapon is the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, the cause of the infection anthrax. the threat of bioterrorism has brought anthrax beyond the point of scientific inquiry and has created new challenges for medical and public health professionals. This course presents the currently known properties of Bacillus anthracis and the understanding of the pathogenesis, approaches to diagnosis, prevention and control measures, and treatment of anthrax. Consideration also is given to selected aspects of bioweapons and features of bioterrorism.
|Price:|| $9.95|| |
Expiration Date: January 11, 2019
Influenza is a highly contagious, acute febrile respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus. Epidemic outbreaks of influenza occur every year in the United States and around the world. These outbreaks result in an average of 200,000 hospitalizations and 36,000 deaths each year in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2011; Thompson et al., 2010). Most fatal cases of influenza in the United States occur in the very young, the very old, and those whose immune systems are compromised (Thompson et al., 2010). However, influenza viruses can infect people of any age and can infect animals, including birds, pigs, horses, dogs, and marine mammals. Wild birds and domestic poultry are the natural reservoirs for all influenza A subtypes (H1 to H16), although humans are also often infected by subtypes H1 to H3 (CDC, 2013). Influenza subtypes that occur most often in birds are called avian influenza strains.
Every year, circulating influenza A strains mutate or change. Most strain mutations are relatively minor and are called antigenic drift, meaning that characteristics of the new strain have changed or drifted slightly from the original. Occasionally, however, influenza strains will mutate significantly, resulting in an antigenic shift, meaning that the new strain is significantly different from the original strain. These shifts may mean that humans are now susceptible to avian influenza or that the route of transmission may change, making human-to-human spread easier.
Nurses compose the largest segment of healthcare providers, and are poised to be at the forefront in managing care for patients with avian influenza. In addition, physicians, counselors, respiratory therapists, and other healthcare professionals will be needed to help identify, treat, isolate, and manage patients with avian influenza. It is essential that all healthcare professionals become familiar with the epidemiology, threat, clinical description, infection prevention, and patient management of avian influenza. This information will aid healthcare professionals in rapidly recognizing and responding to outbreaks of avian influenza, which will decrease morbidity, mortality, and costs of the virus.
The purpose of this course is to provide nurses and other healthcare providers with information on the emerging threat, epidemiology, and clinical description of avian influenza. The overall objective of this course is to increase the learner’s knowledge of avian influenza and the response steps they can take to decrease the spread of disease during an avian influenza pandemic.
|Price:|| $29.95|| |
Expiration Date: December 23, 2018
Pertussis, or whooping cough, is a contagious disease that affects the respiratory tract. Historically, the very young who were not immunized against the disease became infected. However, because immunity acquired from vaccination or having the disease wanes over time, there are periodic outbreaks of the disease in infants and young and older adults.
Healthcare professionals have several important roles in caring for a patient with pertussis. In ambulatory care settings, they are often first to detect the disease, and community health nurses and other healthcare professionals provide patient care and support to the family and caregivers during the illness.
Another significant contribution made by healthcare professionals is the education of the public about the need for vaccination of adolescents and adults as well as vaccination of infants and preschoolers. Reducing the disease reservoir by vaccination will reduce pertussis outbreaks and save lives. The purpose of this course is to provide the healthcare professional with an understanding of pertussis, including its incidence, transmission, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, complications, and prevention. The course is relevant to a broad range of healthcare providers employed in public health agencies, schools, community health clinics, and such institutions as hospitals and long-term care facilities. The references and resources identified throughout the course provide additional information about pertussis.
|Price:|| $29.95|| |
Expiration Date: November 5, 2018
Tuberculosis (TB), formerly known as consumption, was a known health issue as far back as ancient Egypt and it continues to be one of the deadliest diseases worldwide. TB has always occurred disproportionately among the poor and disadvantaged populations. In spite of a decline in the total number of cases in the United States in the past decade, 9,588 new cases of TB were reported in 2013.
In addition, the threat of TB infection in healthcare workers is a growing concern. Healthcare professionals have a critical role in the detection and care of people with TB. Accurate and appropriate assessment, along with implementation of a suitable care plan is necessary to prevent transmission of this disease. Research continues to discover ways to improve approaches to TB; however, detection and treatment remain a long and difficult process. This course provides an overview of the current information about TB across the lifespan. Prevention, detection, and treatment options are included, with a focus on measures to protect healthcare workers from contracting TB. The course is intended for healthcare professionals who practice in various settings – from institutional to community-based. Having current knowledge about TB is the only way to provide effective care to this population.