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Disciplines: Pharmacists
Hours: 2 Contact Hours
Author(s): Peggy Piascik, PhD, RPh
Peer Reviewer(s): Gary Kracoff, PhD, RPh
Item#: Y8027
Contents: 1 Course Book (40 pages)
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Echinacea and Garlic Supplementation: Uses, Effectiveness, and Safety

Price $8.95
Item # Y8027
When available, the Online Course format is included with the hard copy, eBook, or audio book formats!

Start Date: August 9, 2017

Expiration Date: August 9, 2020


Echinacea was the number one dietary supplement in the U.S. according to the 2002 National Health Interview Survey (Barnes et al., 2004). Identifying the specific chemical principles within the three species of the perennial plant Echinacea that produce clinically relevant effects is the subject of ongoing research, and lack of this information hampers the ability to develop dosage forms and regimens that produce reliable clinical effects.  In the 2012 NHIS survey of dietary supplement use, garlic was ranked as the 8th most commonly used dietary supplement in the U.S. (Clarke et al., 2015). Garlic, a top ten dietary supplement, has a long history as a medicinal agent with anti-infective, anti-tumor, cardiovascular, and performance enhancing effects.  Many uses have been proposed for Echinacea and garlic.  Consumers have difficulty evaluating the literature and making appropriate choices with regard to the uses, dosing, adverse effects, interactions, and product quality of these supplements.  Pharmacists who are knowledgeable about Echinacea and garlic supplements can assist patients in the appropriate use of these products to achieve better health.



Universal Activity Number (UAN) - 0607-0000-17-024-H01-P

Type of Activity - Knowledge

Topic Designator - 01 – Disease State Management/Drug Therapy

Course Objectives

  • Identify the components of Echinacea and garlic responsible for their effectiveness.
  • List potential uses of Echinacea and garlic using the evidence for their effectiveness.
  • Explain common adverse effects and safety concerns when using Echinacea and garlic.
  • Identify practical considerations of Echinacea and garlic use in order to educate patients who use these products.
  • Recognize the proper use of Echinacea and garlic when compared to other products used for the same conditions.


Peggy Piascik, PhD, RPh, received her bachelor of science degree in Pharmacy from Ohio Northern University (ONU) and a PhD in Pharmacology from the Ohio State University (OSU) College of Pharmacy. She is a profes­sor of Pharmacy Practice and Science at the University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy (UKCOP). Dr. Piascik speaks at continuing education conferences on the topics of new drugs, dietary supplements, and personalized medicine. She teaches a problem-based elective course in the area of herbal and dietary supplements and co-coordinates an elective course in behavior modification coaching. Dr. Piascik is a past president of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP). She is a four-time recipient of the UKCOP Senior Class Teaching Award and two-time recipient of the AACP Innovations in Teaching Award, and she was named a University Great Teacher by the UK Alumni Association. Dr. Piascik is also a Distinguished Alumnus of ONU and the recip­ient of the Jack L. Beal Post-Baccalaureate Award from OSU.


Gary Kracoff, PhD, RPh, received his bachelor of science degree in Pharmacy from Northeastern University and his doctorate in naturopathic medicine and his Homeopathic Medical diploma from Westbrook University. Dr. Kracoff provides in-depth consultative services at Johnson Compounding & Wellness in Waltham, Massachusetts. Dr. Kracoff’s guiding philosophy is to treat the person as a whole and not to chase symptoms. He focuses on finding out the “why” of what is happening physically and mentally, then works with individuals to restore balance in the body. Dr. Kracoff frequently lectures at pharmacy, medical, and health-oriented conferences. He is an educator at the Academy of Integrative Medicine, conducting 2-day seminars for healthcare professionals twice a year. Dr. Kracoff also serves on the faculty of the Center for Education and Development of Clinical Homeopathy.


  • Courses must be completed on or before the expiration date noted in the course description above.
  • You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
  • Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that this course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools’ policy not to accept commercial support.
  • All persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.
  • Gary Kracoff has disclosed that he is on the advisory committee for Boiron USA and is Medical Director at the Academy of Integrative Medicine. He has agreed to present content that is current, evidence based, and without bias.