Disciplines: Nursing
Hours: 3 Contact Hours
Author(s): Anita Carroll, RN, MSN, EdD
Peer Reviewer(s): Deborah Smith Armstrong, RN, PhD
Item#: N1608
Contents: 1 Course Book (30 pages)

Pregnancy Loss, Updated 1st Edition



Price $19.95
Item # N1608
When available, the Online Course format is included with the hard copy, eBook, or audio book formats!

Expiration Date: December 31, 2017

Pregnancy loss is often a painful experience that leaves expectant parents with prolonged and complex grief. This grief usually feels, to a degree, as if one has been disenfranchised. Parents are led to feel—by friends, family, or healthcare professionals—that the loss was insignificant. They are often encouraged to “get on with their lives,” move on to another pregnancy, or “be grateful for what they have.” It seems that the more others minimize the loss, the more intense the pain feels. If nothing else, grieving parents wish others would acknowledge that a life has been lost and that the life had meaning.  

The purpose of this course is to provide nurses with the knowledge necessary to recognize the various types of pregnancy loss and their causes. Psychological sequelae of pregnancy loss are described, along with helpful interventions, and interventions that should be avoided. With this overview, caregivers should be able to provide sensitive care to families coping with pregnancy loss, which will ultimately enhance their outcomes. 

The goal of this course is to provide a knowledge base for registered nurses and licensed vocational and practical nurses who care for families experiencing pregnancy loss. The course is appropriate for nurses working in prenatal, intrapartum, and postpartum areas. 

Course Objectives
  • Describe terms that apply to pregnancy losses that occur during the various trimesters.
  • Discuss types of pregnancy losses and their causes.
  • Identify signs and symptoms of the psychological impact of pregnancy loss.
  • Identify factors that affect recovery from the grief of pregnancy loss.
  • Describe types of pregnancy losses that result with higher degrees of complexity.
  • Discuss interventions that are helpful and those that should be avoided when caring for people coping with a pregnancy loss.
Anita Carroll, RN, MSN, EdD, has taught all levels of professional nursing for over 30 years. She currently teaches in the bachelor of science in nursing program at West Texas A&M University in Canyon Texas. She has taught courses in maternal-newborn health neonatal health pharmacology management and fundamentals. She has also helped develop master's level tracks and courses for neonatal clinical nurse specialists and nursing education. She was a childbirth educator for 10 years and implemented a March of Dimes grant. She has presented more than 120 programs in maternal-newborn nursing to community hospitals and has certified numerous nurses as neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation providers and instructors. She received the Texas Nurse of the Year Award from the Texas Nurses Association in 1996 as well as many other teaching awards throughout her career.
Deborah Smith Armstrong, RN, PhD, earned her BSN from Vanderbilt University, her MSN from the University of Louisville, and her PhD from the University of Kentucky. Her research area of expertise involves pregnancy after perinatal loss and parenting subsequent healthy infants. Her research concentrates on the psychological distress that results from the prior loss. She has received multiple grant awards for her research, the most recent being an award from the National Institute of Nursing Research at the National Institutes of Health to examine the long-term consequences of distress on couples with previous losses, from late in a subsequent pregnancy through the first 8 months after the birth of a healthy infant. She has been the author and co-author of numerous publications and has made presentations on the topic of psychological distress resulting from prior perinatal loss and subsequent parenting. She is currently an associate professor at the School of Nursing at the University of Louisville. 

  • Contact hours will be awarded for up to one (1) year from the date the course is ordered.
  • You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
  • Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that this course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools’ policy not to accept commercial support.
  • All persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.