When available, the Online Course format is included with the hard copy, eBook, or audio book formats!
Expiration Date: July 31, 2017
Nurses care for patients who experience pain in acute care, long-term care, and community settings. These nurses and other healthcare professionals need to consider how pain affects the physical, psychological, social, and spiritual well-being of individuals. An important role of the nurse is advocating for effective pain treatment. Because pain is a universal experience, nurses need to be knowledgeable regarding the assessment and treatment of pain across healthcare settings and for diverse populations. This course provides a comprehensive discussion of pain and effective pain management. It discusses the physiology and pathophysiology of pain, barriers to pain management, the cost of chronic pain, and pain as a subjective phenomenon. Many common pain syndromes are described in detail, such as migraine headaches and chronic low back pain. The use of pain scales in assessing pain is discussed. Nurses will learn how the increase in prescription drug abuse requires that nurses and other healthcare professionals understand safety and legal requirements for prescribing and administering pain medications.
Michigan - fulfills entire pain and pain symptom management requirement.
This course should not be taken in conjunction with Assessment of Pain in Special Populations (N1616).
- Identify statistics related to the prevalence of pain, the difference between chronic (persistent) and acute pain, and the costs of undertreatment of pain as well as trends in legislation affecting the treatment of pain in the United States.
- Discuss the impact that patient and professional variables have on pain and its treatment, and the role that federal and state regulations have on the treatment of pain.
- Identify the primary elements of the peripheral and central nervous system related to pain, the primary pain mechanisms, and the difference between nociceptive and neuropathic pain.
- Describe how to perform a comprehensive pain assessment and factors that impact assessment of pain in infants, children, older adults, and those with developmental delays, along with appropriate assessment measurements for each population.
- Discuss the pharmacologic options for the management of pain, including nonopioid analgesics and analgesic adjuvant agents and the mechanism of action of opioids and their receptors and the differences between addiction, tolerance, and dependence.
- Discuss the opioids indicated for management of mild to severe acute and chronic pain, the differences between sustained and immediate-release preparations, and nursing interventions for managing the patient receiving opioids along with nonpharmacological physical and cognitive-behavioral modalities for pain management and indications for these therapies.
- Describe the nursing care of persons experiencing acute pain and recurrent pain syndromes.
- Discuss the difference between chronic and acute pain and the treatment paradigm and interventions for chronic pain.
- Recall the role of interventional pain therapies in acute and chronic pain, the difference between sympathetic and nonsympathetic nerve blocks, and nursing interventions for patients receiving nerve blocks.
- Describe pharmacological and nonpharmacological pain management therapies appropriate for pediatric patients of various developmental ages.
- Discuss the scope of pain from cancer, pain syndromes resulting from cancer, and nursing interventions in the care of the patient with cancer pain.
- Describe a paradigm for the treatment of cancer pain and pharmacologic and nonpharmacological interventions for cancer pain management, and the organizational responses to the under-treatment of pain and prescription drug abuse as well as access resources for evidence-based practice.
Ann Schreier, PhD, RN, is an associate professor at East Carolina University College of Nursing in Greenville, NC. Dr. Schreier received her BSN degree from Boston University, an MSN from University of California, San Francisco and her PhD from Stanford University. Dr. Schreier has clinical experience in oncology and she has worked in hospice. This clinical experience has motivated Dr. Schreier to study and promote pain management. She is a past president of American Society for Pain Management Nurses. Dr. Schreier is a speaker on the topic of pain management for nurses, and is the project coordinator for a webinar educational series for prescribers’ clinical support system for opioids (PCSS-O). This series provides education regarding safe use of opioids for chronic pain and treatment of persons with opioid dependence, and is a collaborative project that includes: American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry, American Dental Association, American Medical Association, American Osteopathic Academy of Addiction Medicine, American Psychiatric Association, and American Society for Pain Management Nursing, and International Nurses Society on Addictions. Dr. Schreier is active in advocacy for pain management.
- Contact hours will be awarded for up to one (1) year from the date the course is ordered.
- You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
- Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that this course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools’ policy not to accept commercial support.
- All persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.