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  • Nursing
  • Advanced Practice Nursing
Hours: 2 Contact Hours (2 Pharm Hours)

Martha M. Libster, PhD, MSN, APN-CNS, APHN-BC

Peer Reviewer(s): Gary Kracoff, PhD, RPh
Item#: N1844
Contents: 1 Course Book (48 pages)
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Echinacea and Garlic Supplementation: Uses, Effectiveness, and Safety

Price $17.95
Item # N1844
High-Level Content
When available, the Online Course format is included with the hard copy, eBook, or audio book formats!

Release Date: December 15, 2017

Expiration Date: December 31, 2020

Echinacea is a plant in the Asteraceae or daisy family (Figure 1) commonly known as coneflower. The genus name comes from the Greek echinos, meaning “hedgehog,” a reference to the spines on the cone or central part of the flower head. The cone or seed head has prickly scales and is surrounded by 15 to 20 narrow purple-violet petals. This gives the plant a somewhat hedgehog-like appearance. The nine species of Echinacea are perennial plants originating in North America, primarily in the Great Lakes, Appalachian, and Rocky Mountain regions. Three species of Echinacea are used medicinally and are used in dietary supplements. Garlic has been used to protect against plague, jaundice, convulsions, hemorrhoids, and melancholy (Culpeper, 1990). The bulb is always chopped or pounded and then taken in food or honey or made into a syrup. Garlic juice boiled in milk was drunk to expel intestinal worms (Grieve, 1971). Early American Eclectic physicians placed poultices of garlic cloves along the spine and on the chest of infants suffering from pneumonia and drops of garlic-infused olive oil in the ears for earache and deafness (Felter & Lloyd, 1983). It was also used during World War I and World War II to prevent gangrene (Block, 1985). In Traditional Chinese Medicine, garlic bulbs with purple skins are thought to demonstrate the most effective action against microbes and amoebic infection (Bensky & Gamble, 1993).This course will discuss the uses, effectiveness, and safety of Echinacea and garlic.

Course Objectives

  • Describe the uses, effectiveness, and safety of Echinacea.
  • Discuss nursing considerations and how to educate patients using Echinacea.
  • List the effectiveness of other products that treat the same conditions as Echinacea.
  • Describe the uses, effectiveness, and safety of garlic.
  • Apply nursing considerations and garlic supplement education with patients.
  • Explain the effectiveness of other products that treat the same conditions as garlic.

Martha M. Libster, PhD, MSN, APN-CNS, APHN-BC, received her bachelor of science degree in education from New York University, her bachelor of science degree in nursing from Mount St. Mary’s University in Los Angeles, her master of science degree in nursing from the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, and her doctorate in Humanities-Health Care History from Oxford Brookes University in Oxford, England. Dr. Libster is an award-winning historian of seven books, including two histories about American 19th-century health care reform, religion, and nursing. She is known internationally for her pioneering work and book publications on integrative nursing and nurse-herbalism beginning with the release of Demonstrating Care: The Art of Integrative Nursing (2001, Delmar Cengage Learning) and her ency­clopedic Delmar’s Integrative Herb Guide for Nurses (2002). She is founding director of the Global Tea House, an international forum for dialogue in health culture diplomacy and editor of Perspectives in Cultural Diplomacy. Her work focuses on primary healthcare education and research of communities that seek to incorporate nonpharmacologic, cost-effective, accessible traditional healing solutions, such as Traditional Chinese Medicine and Western herbal remedies, with findings on their approach to stress, mental illness, and common health concerns, partic­ularly among infants and young children. She has private holistic nurse psychotherapy practices in Colorado Springs and Appleton, Wisconsin. She is a member of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society in Nursing, the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, the National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists, and the Authors Guild. Her website is

Gary Kracoff, PhD, RPh, received his bachelor of science degree in pharmacy from Northeastern University and his doctorate in naturopathic medicine and his homeopathic medical diploma from Westbrook University. Dr. Kracoff provides in-depth consultative services at Johnson Compounding & Wellness in Waltham, Massachusetts. Dr. Kracoff’s guiding philosophy is to treat the person as a whole and not to chase symptoms. He focuses on finding out the “why” of what is happening physically and mentally, then working with individuals to restore balance in the body. Dr. Kracoff frequently lectures at pharmacy, medical, and health-oriented conferences. He is an educator at the Academy of Integrative Medicine, conducting 2-day seminars for healthcare professionals twice a year. Dr. Kracoff also serves on the faculty of the Center for Education and Development of Clinical Homeopathy.

  • Courses must be completed on or before the expiration date noted in the course description above.
  • You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
  • Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that this course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools’ policy not to accept commercial support.
  • All persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.