When available, the Online Course format is included with the hard copy, eBook, or audio book formats!
Expiration Date: March 31, 2018
This course is an updated version of N1585, Arterial Blood Gases: A Systematic and Easy Approach.
The purpose of this course is to provide the learner with an overview of the common acid-base imbalances, and with the knowledge and skills required to successfully interpret an arterial blood gas (ABG) result. This course is designed for the novice and experienced nurse as well as other healthcare professionals. ABG analysis is a central part of diagnosing and managing a patient’s oxygenation status and acid-base balance. The helpfulness of this laboratory data is dependent on being able to correctly interpret the results and then correlating the findings with the patient’s clinical presentation. The content of this course includes a review of the components of an arterial blood gas study, identification of common acid-base imbalances and accompanying signs and symptoms, discussion of treatment modalities, and a stepwise approach to analyzing an ABG result.
The healthcare professional’s skill in recognizing disturbances in acid-base balance and interpreting a patient’s ABG results is essential in a variety of clinical situations. ABG analysis is conducted to aid in the determination of a patient’s quality and extent of pulmonary gas exchange and acid-base status. Healthcare professionals may view the task of ABG interpretation as daunting and confusing, but this need not be the case. If a systematic approach is used when evaluating an ABG result, the process becomes intuitive and a natural part of the patient assessment. Substantial alterations affecting a patient’s acid-base status occur when the pH value increases or decreases. These alterations in pH can be, and in some instances are, life-threatening. The ability to identify abnormal pH values, understand, and apply the concepts of acid-base balance will improve the healthcare professional’s ability to track the progression of a patient’s medical status, implement appropriate interventions, and evaluate the effectiveness of the care being provided by the healthcare team.
- Interpret the normal and abnormal values for PaO2, SaO2, pH, PaCO2, and HCO3-.
- Distinguish the causes, signs and symptoms, and treatments for the four types of common acid-base imbalances.
- Employ the steps for interpreting an arterial blood gas study.
- Correctly interpret arterial blood gas values and the related patient condition.
Alicia Culleiton, DNP, RN, CNE
is an Assistant Clinical Professor at Duquesne University School of Nursing where she teaches the core concepts of arterial blood gases in undergraduate pathophysiology and nursing courses. She also instructs students in the medical surgical and critical care settings where the obtainment and analysis of arterial blood gases is completed and reviewed on an ongoing basis. Her primary area of clinical interest is emergency/trauma and critical care nursing, and she has 19 years of experience in those fields. Dr. Culleiton earned her BSN from the Catholic University of America, her MSN in Nursing Administration and Nursing Education from the Indiana University of Pennsylvania, and her DNP from Chatham University.
Yvonne Weideman, DNP, RN, MBA has over 25 years of nursing experience, including the provision of clinical leadership and supervision for intensive care units and a level three trauma emergency center where the interpretation of arterial blood gases is a critical component of practice. Currently, Dr. Weideman is an Assistant Clinical Professor at Duquesne University where she teaches at the undergraduate and graduate level. Dr. Weideman obtained her BSN from Duquesne University, her MBA from Robert Morris University and her DNP from Duquesne University.
- Contact hours will be awarded for up to one (1) year from the date the course is ordered.
- You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
- Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that this course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools’ policy not to accept commercial support.
- All persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.