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  • Dentists
  • Dental Hygienist
  • Dental Assisting
Hours: 2 Contact Hours
Author(s): Mark Donaldson, BSP, RPH, PharmD, FASHP, FACHE
Peer Reviewer(s): Joseph Best, DDS, PhD
Item#: L0942
Contents: 1 Course Book (48 pages)
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Three Drug Classes: Antibiotics, Analgesics, and Local Anesthetics Mod III: Local Anesthetics, 2nd E

Price $19.95
Item # L0942
When available, the Online Course format is included with the hard copy, eBook, or audio book formats!

Review Date: January 2, 2019

Expiration Date: October 30, 2021

Original Release Date: September 4, 2015

Oral healthcare professionals are routinely involved with the selection and prescription of Local Anesthetics to address orofacial pain. Upon completing this intermediate-level course, the learner will be able to discuss the differences among Local Anesthetics typically prescribed for orofacial pain This updated 2018 edition incorporates the findings of these latest research papers as well as current guidelines from regulatory and professional authorities, while continuing to emphasize the founding principles of appropriate Local Anesthetics prescribing.


AGD Subject Code: 340

Western Schools designates this activity for 2 continuing education credits.

This course is an extraction of, and should not be taken in conjunction with, L0943 - Three Drug Classes: Antibiotics, Analgesics, and Local Anesthetics, 2nd Edition.

Course Objectives

  • Describe the evolution and pharmacology of local anesthetics.
  • Explain the types of local anesthetics used in dentistry.
  • Explain the vasoconstrictors present in local anesthetics.
  • Identify the signs and symptoms of local anesthetic toxicity and the maximum recommended doses.
  • Identify the appropriate local anesthetics for special populations.

Mark Donaldson, BSP, RPH, PharmD, FASHP, FACHE, received his baccalaureate degree from the University of British Columbia (UBC) and his doctorate in clinical pharmacy from the University of Washington. He has further completed a residency at Canada’s largest tertiary care facility, Vancouver General Hospital, and is the current Associate Principal for Vizient Pharmacy Advisory Solutions. Dr. Donaldson is a clinical professor in the Department of Pharmacy at the University of Montana in Missoula and clinical associate professor in both the School of Dentistry at the Oregon Health & Science University in Portland, Oregon, and the Faculty of Dentistry at UBC in Vancouver. He has a special interest in dental pharmacology and has lectured internationally to both dental and medical practitioners. Dr. Donaldson has a number of published works in the peer-reviewed literature and has co-authored several textbook chapters. He spent three years in Japan focusing on cross-cultural com­munication and internationalization. He currently serves on the Editorial Board for the Journal of the American Dental Association, is board certified in healthcare management, and is the past-president and current Regent of the American College of Healthcare Executives’ Montana Chapter.

Joseph Best, DDS, PhD, is a 1989 graduate of Marquette University School of Dentistry (MUSOD) and a part-time faculty member at the dental school in the division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. He is the course director for the Medical Emergencies and Pharmacotherapeutics courses at MUSOD and lectures extensively in pharmacology, medicine, oral surgery, and implant dentistry, both at the dental school and in regional continuing education programs. Dr. Best received his PhD in pharmacology and a certificate in oral and maxillofacial surgery from the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. He is a board-certified oral and maxillofacial surgeon and maintains a private practice with Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Associates of Waukesha in Waukesha, Wisconsin. He is also a certified basic life support instructor for the American Heart Association.

  • Courses must be completed on or before the expiration date noted in the course description above.
  • You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
  • Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that this course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools’ policy not to accept commercial support.
  • All persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.