• Dentists
  • Dental Hygienists
  • Dental Assistants
Hours: 2 Contact Hours
Author(s): John F. Kross, DMD, MSc
Peer Reviewer(s):
  • Mary E. Foley, RDH, MPH (Original)
  • Jonathan Mendia, DMD (Updated 1st Edition)
Item#: L0709
Contents: 1 Course Book (38 pages)
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Oral Health Care During Pregnancy: Clinical Guidelines and Management, Updated 1st Edition

Price $19.95
Item # L0709
When available, the Online Course format is included with the hard copy, eBook, or audio book formats!

Release Date: June 29, 2012
Revised Date: June 26, 2015
Expiration Date: June 25, 2018

A variety of physiologic, anatomic, and hormonal changes accompany pregnancy and affect how oral health care is provided. In addition to changes in the oral cavity and altered susceptibility to periodontal disease and other oral conditions, there are changes in the cardiovascular, respiratory, and gastrointestinal systems. There is considerable evidence that some oral conditions may have adverse health consequences. Some studies have demonstrated a link between periodontitis and preterm birth and low-birth weight. In addition, there is considerable evidence that high levels of cariogenic bacteria in mothers are associated with increased dental caries during early childhood.

Unfortunately, dentists, physicians, and patients often misunderstand and avoid oral health care issues during and after pregnancy. This situation exists despite the fact that routine dental procedures are safe in most pregnant patients. To enhance the provision of oral health care in pregnant patients, evidence-based practice guidelines have been developed. This basic-level course addresses current concepts regarding oral health in pregnant women, the impact of their oral health on pregnancy outcomes and early childhood health, and discusses strategies to optimize oral health during pregnancy.

AGD Subject Code: 750

Western Schools designates this activity for 2 continuing education credits.

Course Objectives
  • Describe the oral health status of women of childbearing age and barriers to their oral health care.
  • Explain systemic changes during pregnancy and their impact on dental care and oral health.
  • Describe the effect of maternal periodontal disease and dental caries on pregnancy outcomes and childhood health.
  • Discuss clinical practice guidelines on oral health care and management of the pregnant patient.
  • Discuss the use of therapeutic agents during pregnancy and lactation.

John F. Kross, DMD, MSc, received his doctor of dental medicine degree from Temple University School of Dentistry in Philadelphia, PA. He completed a fellowship at Temple University Hospital in oral oncology and received a hospital appointment to the Department of Dentistry at the Medical Centers of Delaware (now the Christiana Health Care System). His professional training and experience includes practicing general dentistry in Wilmington, DE, and New London, PA, as well as instructing students at Delaware Technical Community College in oral pathology. He has been composing monographs, creating manuscripts, and contributing to continuing dental education since 1991. Dr. Kross has received numerous academic awards for his work in oral surgery, fixed partial prosthodontics, periodontics, and endodontics. He has been composing monographs, manuscripts, and continuing dental courses since 1991.

Mary E. Foley, RDH, MPH, (Original) is the executive director of the Medicaid-CHIP State Dental Association in Washington, DC. The goal of this organization is to ensure that those insured by Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) receive quality oral health care. Until 2009, Ms. Foley was an associate professor of dental hygiene and the dean of the Forsyth School of Dental Hygiene at the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences (MCPHS). Ms. Foley is a dental hygienist with a master’s degree in public health from the University of Massachusetts School of Public Health and Health Policy. Prior to joining MCPHS, Ms. Foley was the director of the Massachusetts Department of Public Health, Office of Oral Health, and the Region 1 Head Start Oral Health Consultant. In 2005, she was named a fellow by the Bureau of Health Professions Primary Care Policy Fellowship. Ms. Foley is a nationally recognized speaker and expert in program planning and implementation, community oral health, and evidence-based preventive services. In her most recent role, Ms. Foley led a national campaign for the Children’s Dental Health Project in Washington, DC, titled Improving Perinatal and Infant Oral Health. In addition, Ms. Foley has served as an advisor to the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, National Network for Oral Health Access, National Business Group on Health, American Bar Association, Health Foundation of South Florida, New York State and California Health Departments, Health Law Advocates, and Catalyst Institute of Massachusetts. 

Jonathan Mendia, DMD, (Updated 1st Edition) is a licensed dentist anesthesiologist and associate professor of dental anesthesia at Rutgers University School of Dental Medicine. Dr. Mendia earned his doctorate of dental medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine. He completed his post-doctoral residency in dental anesthesia at the University of Pittsburgh School of Dental Medicine. During his residency, Dr. Mendia rotated through the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) hospitals performing anesthesia in various medical specialties. While completing his residency, Dr. Mendia published two articles focused on oral health in the pregnant patient titled Drug Therapy for the Pregnant Dental Patient and Re-evaluating Therapeutic Drugs for Your Pregnant Dental Patient.

  • Courses must be completed within one (1) year of the date of purchase or by the expiration date indicated above, whichever date comes first.
  • You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
  • Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that the course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools’ policy not to accept commercial support. 
  • All persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.
  • There are no prerequisites for this course.