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  • Dentists
  • Dental Hygienists
  • Dental Assisting
Hours: 3 Contact Hours
Author(s): A.J. Barnert, BS, RDH, MA, MFT
Peer Reviewer(s): Veronica Powers, DMD
Item#: L0763
Contents: 1 Course Book (30 pages)
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Fluoride and Fluoridation: Benefits and Concerns, 2nd Edition

Price $29.95
Item # L0763
When available, the Online Course format is included with the hard copy, eBook, or audio book formats!

Release Date: July 30, 2013

Review Date: July 20, 2016

Expiration Date: July 19, 2019


Fluoridation of public drinking water and fluoride-bearing topical dental treatments are familiar, widely accepted practices aimed at preventing dental caries. Fluoride treatment for children and adolescents is a covered benefit under most dental insurance policies. However, fluoride also offers benefits for adult patients, particularly patients older than age 60, when susceptibility to caries increases. This course discusses dental caries risk and the various types of topical fluoride, fluoride dentifrices, community water fluoridation, and age-related fluoride treatments used to reduce or prevent caries.
This basic-level course provides dentists, dental hygienists, and dental assistants with the most up-to-date information on fluoride and fluoridation, including its perceived benefits and documented efficacy. Concerns about the connections between systemic fluoride and certain disease processes are discussed as well as the importance of educating patients on the important role of fluoride.



AGD Subject Code: 017
Western Schools designates this activity for 3 continuing education credits.


Course Objectives

  • Discuss fluoride’s role in addressing dental caries.
  • Identify the different modes of fluoride administration.
  • Describe the mechanism of action and benefits of fluoride.
  • Recognize safety concerns with fluoride.


A.J. Barnert, BS, RDH, MA, MFT, holds a bachelor of science degree in dental hygiene from the University of Southern California and a master of arts degree in marriage, family and child counseling from Phillips Graduate Institute in Encino, California. Ms. Barnert is a registered dental hygienist and certified children’s social worker. In addition to maintaining a private social work practice, Ms. Barnert has been affiliated with Counseling4Kids and Wilshire Valley Therapy. She works as a dental hygienist at a family dental practice in Woodland Hills, California. Her community involvements include developing dental health programs for underserved children in public schools and working with children in the foster care system. She is a member of both the California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists and the California Family Study Center Alumni Association. As a public speaker, she has presented workshops on interventions to help the bereaved and published on divorce as an opportunity for growth on interventions to help the bereaved and published on divorce as an opportunity for growth.


Veronica Powers, DMD, received a BS degree from Providence College and a DMD degree from the Oregon Health & Science University. After working for four years as a general dentist in Portland, Oregon, Dr. Powers returned to New York City to serve as lead dentist for Phoenix House Foundation in Brooklyn, New York, where she provided comprehensive treatment for the residents of a rehabilitation facility. In this capacity, she performed simple and surgical extractions and root canals and placed crowns, bridges, and removable prosthodontics. Dr. Powers created the protocol for the day-to-day management of the clinic and became especially adept at treating anxious patients. Now in private practice, Dr. Powers is licensed to practice dentistry in the state of New York, maintains registration with the Drug Enforcement Administration, and is CPR-certified. She has provided volunteer dentistry in India and in Chiapas, Mexico, and has worked with the American Dental Association’s Give Kids a Smile program in the United States.

  • Courses must be completed on or before the expiration date noted in the course description above.
  • You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
  • Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that this course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools’ policy not to accept commercial support.
  • All persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.