• Dentists
  • Dental Hygienists
  • Dental Assistants
Hours: 3 Contact Hours
Author(s): Paul Subar, DDS, EdD
Peer Reviewer(s):
  • Robert A. Frank, DMD (Original)
  • Zameera Fida, DMD (Updated 1st Edition)
Item#: L0702
Contents: 1 Course Book (60 pages)
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Dental Management for Pediatric Patients with Complex Needs, Updated 1st Edition

Price $29.95
Item # L0702
When available, the Online Course format is included with the hard copy, eBook, or audio book formats!

Release Date: May 21, 2012
Review Date: May 19, 2015
Expiration Date: May 18, 2018


Pediatric patients with complex medical and developmental conditions are a unique and growing population. Because these children are especially vulnerable to the oral effects of systemic diseases, it is important that all members of the dental team develop foundational knowledge for the care of this patient population. This course presents information on select morbidities that are typical in these children and adolescents, and aids clinicians in developing rational thought processes for gathering information from these patients and their caregivers. Equipped with this information, the dental team can develop appropriate dental treatment plans and continuing care regimens that best serve their pediatric patients with complex medical needs. 


AGD Subject Code: 436

Western Schools designates this activity for 3 continuing education credits.

Course Objectives


  • Discuss the importance of preventing dental disease in pediatric patients with complex medical conditions.
  • Identify the complex medical conditions that often affect the pediatric dental population.
  • Describe current medical therapies for treating or managing pediatric patients with certain complex medical conditions.
  • Discuss how different complex medical conditions impact the dental treatment of pediatric patients with these conditions.
  • Describe developmental disabilities that affect the pediatric population and their implications for providing dental care to this population.


Paul Subar, DDS, EdD, is an assistant professor and director of the Special Care Clinic/Hospital Dentistry Program at the University of the Pacific Arthur A. Dugoni School of Dentistry in San Francisco. His primary interest is access to oral health for patients with special needs, including those with severe medical, developmental, and/or psychosocial conditions. His work focuses on the delivery of dental care in an operating room setting, daily operations of the Clinic/Hospital Dentistry Program, student education, and several areas of scholarship. Dr. Subar is codirector for the Pipelines Professions and Practice Grant from the California Endowment for the University, which focuses on community-based dental programs, cultural competency issues, and the recruitment of underrepresented minorities and low-income students into the dental field. He is the first recipient of the California Dental Foundation’s annual Arthur A. Dugoni Faculty Award and a recent graduate of the California HealthCare Foundation Health Care Leadership Program.

Dr. Subar graduated from the University of California, Santa Cruz, with baccalaureate degrees in both biochemistry and molecular biology. He received his DDS from the University of California, Los Angeles, and completed his hospital training at the UCLA Medical Center. Dr. Subar also holds a doctorate in education and professional leadership from the University of the Pacific Gladys L. Benerd School of Education.

Robert A. Frank, DMD (Original), is a 1968 graduate of the Harvard School of Dental Medicine. He has been in the private practice of pediatric dentistry since 1972, with offices in Medford and Westford, Massachusetts. In addition, Dr. Frank has been a member of the senior staff in the dental department at Boston Children’s Hospital, where he holds the position of senior associate in pediatric dentistry. Dr. Frank has an appointment as clinical instructor in the Department of Developmental Biology at the Harvard School of Dental Medicine. In addition to other professional activities, Dr. Frank served for eight years as a member of the Council on Scientific Affairs for the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry.

Zameera Fida, DMD (Updated 1st Edition), is the director of Predoctoral Pediatric Dentistry at the Harvard School of Dental Medicine (HSDM) and a full-time staff member at Boston Children’s Hospital. She is board certified by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. She received a bachelor of science degree in Nutritional Sciences from the University of Florida, where she conducted research analyzing the growth and diet of pediatric HIV patients. Dr. Fida received her DMD from the Harvard School of Dental Medicine (HSDM). She was nominated by the HSDM faculty for the Pierre Fauchard Academy Scholarship. She is a member of the Aesculapian Club of Harvard Medical School. At HSDM, Dr. Fida’s research involved the nutritional intake of children with and without severe early childhood caries.

Dr. Fida received her certificate in pediatric dentistry from Boston Children’s Hospital, where her research focused on caries and adolescents’ intake of sugar-sweetened beverages. She is the course director and lecturer for the Treatment of the Child and Adolescent course at HSDM, which contains a comprehensive curriculum for dental students on the treatment of the patient with special healthcare needs. She also sees patients with special healthcare needs and instructs pediatric dental residents. Dr. Fida is a reviewer for the journals Pediatric Dentistry and Journal of Dental Education and is a member of the American Dental Association, American Association of Pediatric Dentistry, Massachusetts Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, and the Massachusetts Dental Society. Her current research interests include trauma, dental education, and caries prevention. 

  • Courses must be completed within one (1) year of the date of purchase or by the expiration date indicated above, whichever date comes first.
  • You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
  • Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that the course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools’ policy not to accept commercial support. 
  • All persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.
  • There are no prerequisites for this course.