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  • Dentists
  • Dental Hygienist
  • Dental Assisting
Hours: 2 Contact Hours

J. Anthony von Fraunhofer, MSc, PhD, FRSC

Peer Reviewer(s): Toni M. Roucka, RN, DDS, MA
Item#: L0927
Contents: 1 Course Book (32 pages)
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Allergic Reactions to Metals in the Mouth, 3rd Edition

Price $19.95
Item # L0927
When available, the Online Course format is included with the hard copy, eBook, or audio book formats!

Release Date: February 20, 2019

Expiration Date: February 20, 2022

A wide variety of materials used for the construction of dental restorations, prostheses, and dental implants have the potential to cause allergic reactions among dental patients.This basic-level course reviews the importance of metals for human health, identifies common harmful metals and their role in disease, and discusses hypersensitivity reactions, with particular regard to metal allergies in medical and dental patients. Such an understanding will help dental professionals make better-informed decisions about which biomaterials are the safest and most effective.


AGD Subject Code: 017

Western Schools designates this activity for 2 continuing education credits.

Course Objectives

  • Describe the essential role of metals in human health.
  • Identify metals that are harmful to human health.
  • Explain the relationship between hypersensitivity and metals.
  • Describe the process of metallic corrosion.
  • Describe the impact of metallic corrosion in the oral environment.

J. Anthony von Fraunhofer, MSc, PhD, FRSC, is professor emeritus, University of Maryland School of Dentistry, Baltimore, where he also served as director of biomaterials research in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. He has written more than 400 scientific papers and 16 books, and contributed chapters to 15 monographs on dental biomaterials and materials science. Dr. von Fraunhofer is the author of the well-regarded monographs Dental Materials at a Glance and Research Writing in Dentistry, published by Wiley-Blackwell. His special interests are the biomechanical properties of mate­rials used in medicine and dentistry and the degradation, wear, and corrosion of materials in the biosystem.

Toni M. Roucka, RN, DDS, MA, is the associate dean for academic affairs and an associate professor of restorative dentistry at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Dentistry. She maintains an active nursing license and is a Fellow of the American College of Dentists as well as of the International College of Dentists. She is also an immediate past president of the American Society for Dental Ethics. Dr. Roucka obtained her DDS degree from the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Dentistry and master’s degree in population health – bioethics from the Medical College of Wisconsin in Milwaukee. Dr. Roucka is a nationally recognized speaker on the subject of ethics in dentistry and has taught restorative dentistry at both Marquette University and the Southern Illinois University School of Dental Medicine. As a volunteer, she has provided dental care to underserved populations in Guatemala, Venezuela, the Dominican Republic, and Tanzania.

  • Courses must be completed on or before the expiration date noted in the course description above.
  • You must score 75% or higher on the final exam and complete the course evaluation to pass this course and receive a certificate of completion.
  • Through our review processes, Western Schools ensures that this course content is presented in a balanced, unbiased manner and is free from commercial influence. It is Western Schools’ policy not to accept commercial support.
  • All persons involved in the planning and development of this course have disclosed no relevant financial relationships or other conflicts of interest related to the course content.